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Iguazu Falls

Foz do Iguazu is a city in the state of Paraná. Paraná River contours the city, bordering also Presidente Franco, in Paraguay, and Puerto Iguazú, in Argentina. The name Iguazu (or Iguaçu in portuguese) has an indigenous origin, meaning Large (açu) Water (ig), a name that does justice to what the city has to offer. “Poor Niagara” were the words of Eleanor Roosevelt when first seeing Iguazu Falls. Adventure World Brazil can tell you that, as you get closer, the feeling of littleness is inevitable.The 275 falls and the surrounding protected areas of subtropical forest were listed as a World Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

The preservation park is divided into the Brazilian and the Argentine sides, each with its own delights. The most daring can go on an exciting boat ride on the Iguazu River, going against the flow and nearly below the falls. The hiking tracks on the National Park are also an option for the adventurers who wish to get to know more of the exuberant fauna and flora of Iguazu’s forests. On the Brazilian side, there is another park called Parque das Aves, the largest bird park in Latin America, with 150 different species of Brazilian birds and other exotic animals, such as pythons, alligators, butterflies, marmosets, and much more, all within seventeen acres of native vegetation. There, the visitors can enter the aviaries and get really close to the birds, though we advise the guests not to touch the animals. On the Argentine side is located one of the most famous falls of Iguazu: Garganta do Diabo (Devil’s Throat), with water pouring from three different sides. There are special night walks to the Garganta when the moon is full, so if you’re there on such a night, don’t miss it.

Following a lovely path among a pine tree landscape, you’ll get at the meeting of Iguaçu River and Paraná River, where Marco das Três Fronteiras, a monument marking the boundaries of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. The monument consists of three obelisks, one in each country, painted according to the nations’ flags, and forming an equilateral triangle.

But all the water potential doesn’t serve the only purpose of being a magnificent sight. Itaupu, a hydroelectrict power plant, both Brazilian and Paraguayan, is the greatest power plant generator in the world. The power plant was elected by magazine Popular Mechanics as one of the Seven Modern World Wonders. Of course, it grants us a gorgeous view too.

Taking knowledge of the environmental consequences of a hydroelectric power plant, Itaipu Complex created a unit for environmental protection. Created in 1970, Refúgio Bela Vista, aims to recover of areas degraded by the plant. There is a variety of native wild animals (kept in captivity), such as jaguars, capuchin monkeys, opossums, and plenty of native vegetation. Still in the Itaipu Complex, there is Ecomuseu, a museum that tells the story of the power plant since the occupation of the region. Here one can find, among other things, scale models and a replica of the axis of a working turbine, which even recreates the sounds of the machinery. Another interesting part of the museum is the panel with photos of all 40 thousand people who have worked on the construction of Itaipu. But there are more museums and monuments on the Itaipu Complex; and considering its size an history, it couldn’t be any different.

Tel.: +55 21 3539-5400
Fax: +55 21 2547-8117 / 2548-0644
Emergency: +55 21 8134-3463
Rua Barão de Ipanema, 56 - suite 601
Copacabana - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil
ZIP 22050-030